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Updated on 05 Oct, 2021


The dawn of the 21st century has heralded a world rife and riddled with a number of new and complex conflicts at different levels in the society. Resolution to these conflicts seems even more challenging than anything ever experienced in human history. Pundits and policy makers are at a loss even to fathom the depth and density of the resulting crises.

At the same time numerous newly formulated rational methods as well as faith-based approaches embedded in different cultures and traditions are being considered both for an understanding of the nature and dimensions of conflicts but also for crafting the much-needed strategies to resolve differences, reach reconciliation and ultimately usher in transcendental peace—all towards achieving global consensus for a humane and ecologically viable new global order.

Keeping this in perspective, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) has set up in the School of Social Sciences an interdisciplinary teaching, research and practice centre: Centre for Gandhi and Peace Studies (CGPS).

The prime objective of the CGPS is to train students to participate creatively in all aspects of peace studies—peace-building in conflict and post-conflict societies. Analysis of systemic and overt violence and the causes of war, of human rights and peace-building, and of conflict resolution alternatives leads students to a deeper understanding of the complexities of conflict situations, the social impact of non-violent movements, conflict resolution practice, and peace studies.

Towards this objective, the CGPS has evolved a rigorous academic curriculum developed by the leading Indian scholars in the field that helps students to develop critical thinking and analytical skills as well as alternative methodologies for research. Together the professional engagement of faculty members encourages students to develop new models of peace-building and link theory with practice.

The broad themes that underpin the range of ‘taught’ and research programmes of the Centre at graduate and post-graduate levels include:

Contending theories of conflict, the causes of war, organized violence and the conditions for peace, their basic assumptions, and their relationship to present global policies, structures, and events.

Alternative approaches to peace-making, their basic assumptions and methodologies, and their application to current conflict situations.

The role of culture and cross-cultural communication in conflict situations, conflict resolution, international negotiations, realization of human rights, and the role of identity labels such as gender, race, ethnicity and their role in conflict dynamics and conflict resolution. Development of skills in critical analysis and conflict resolution alternatives.

Values and ethics embedded in different religious traditions as well as ways of fostering reconciliation and co-existence.

Gandhi’s views and perceptions on economic, social, gender, political, environmental and sustainable development issues including critiques and evaluation of Gandhian concepts, its relevance in the contemporary world and contributions made by distinguished thinkers and scholars to the development of Gandhian thought and philosophy.

Role of international organisations including importantly the United Nations on preventive diplomacy and process of peace-making, peace-keeping and peace-building and peace-enforcement to seek answers to critical questions such as non-violence and the skill required by practitioners of non-violence; and how could principles of non-violence be applied to contemporary conflicts.

The Centre for Gandhi and Peace Studies (CGPS) offers the following programmes:

The schemata and eligibility for admission to M.Phil./Ph.D. (Integrated) in Gandhian Studies Programme is are under:
M. A in Gandhian Studies;
MA in any other subject; and
M. Phil. in any subject.
Candidates with MA in Gandhian Studies from IGNOU or any other university in India or abroad may be admitted to Ph. D. programme (48 credits) after they have successfully completed the M. Phil. course work of 36 credits. In case they want to receive M. Phil. degree they would have to write a dissertation (12 credits) after successfully completing the course work. Those who hold MA in a subject other than Gandhian Studies would have to complete all the requirements of M. Phil in Gandhian Studies (course work = 36 credits plus dissertation = 12 credits) before they are admitted to Ph. D. in Gandhian Studies. After completing the M. Phil degree, they can opt for doctoral (Ph.D.) research (48 credits) but in case they want to receive M. Phil degree in Gandhian Studies before they go for Ph. D. work, they would have to write M. Phil dissertation (12 credits). And those who hold M. Phil. degree in a subject other than Gandhian studies have to complete 36 credits of M. Phil. course work in Gandhian Studies but would not be required to write M. Phil. dissertation, unless they opt for it.  Once they complete the course work, they would be allowed to write Ph.D. dissertation in Gandhian Studies.
Requirements for M. Phil. Degree in Gandhian Thought and Peace Studies requires 36 credits of course work and 12 credits of dissertation of about 20,000 words. The courses prepare the students for advanced research in the area of their specialization within the overall framework of Gandhian Thought and Peace Studies. In order to prepare the students participating in this programme, 36 credits of course work is a must. One or two courses of 6-12 credits would be compulsory for all students.
All the courses of the programme in the category are compulsory courses of six-credits each:
I           M.Phil Course Structure:
Core Courses
1.         Research Methodology (RGP-001)                                        -           6 Credits
2.         Gandhian Thought: Texts and Contexts (RGP-002)           -           6 Credits
Optional Courses
1.         Peace and Conflict Studies (RGPE-003)                              -           6 Credits
2.         Gandhian Political Economy (RGPE-004)                            -           6 Credits
3.         Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (RGPE-005)        -           6 Credits
4.         Environment and Development (RGPE-006)                       -           6 Credits
Dissertation                                                                                            -           12 Credits
                                                                                    Total                      -           48Credits
 II         PG Certificate in Gandhi and Peace Studies                                      -           16  Credits
III        PG Diploma in Gandhi and Peace Studies                                         -            32 Credits
IV        M.A. in Gandhi and Peace Studies                                                       -           64 Credits
Contact Person :  Prof. Debal Singha Roy
Head, CGPS 
E-mail: dksingharoy@ignou.ac.in


Indira Gandhi Centre for Freedom Struggle Studies (IGCFSS) had been established in 2008, which has been modified as Centre for Freedom Struggles and Diaspora Studies (CFSDS) in the 128th Meeting of the BOM held on 30th June, 2017 and is now housed in School of Social Sciences, IGNOU.
Three Chairs have been housed in the Centre, i.e. (i) Bahadur Shah Zafar (ii) Gen. Shah Nawaz Khan, INA and (iii) Shaheed Kartar Singh Sarabha. These Chairs have been sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India. The Centre has sought nominations for these Chairs and the historians, besides doing their own research will also guide research related to these areas.
The Centre has also taken up the compilation of nationalist poetry in vernacular newspapers and work has started in Hindi, Persian and Urdu. Another work undertaken is the compilation of the reporting on Indentured Labour and Diaspora in the Indian newspapers during the freedom struggle. After compilation these works will be published. Another project to be undertaken is the compilation and publication of Cartoons in Newspapers of the colonial period on the British rule and freedom struggle.
Chair Person :   Prof. Satyakam

CFSDS  E-mail:  igcfss@ignou.ac.in